What are the types of mobile phone screens and how are they made?


Mobile phone screens are generally divided into the following types:

TFT (Thin Film Transistor) screen: This is a common LCD screen. It consists of a liquid crystal layer, a transparent electrode layer, and a black layer, which controls the crystal state of liquid crystal molecules by controlling changes in the electric field, thereby achieving color changes. This type of screen is relatively inexpensive and has high color saturation.

IPS (In Plane Switching) screen: IPS screen is similar to TFT screen, but it controls color by adjusting the molecular angle in the screen, thus having a higher viewing range and better color reproduction ability.

OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode) screen: OLED screens are composed of a layer of organic materials that can emit light under the action of an electric current, so there is no need for a background light source. OLED screens have higher contrast and color saturation, and are more energy-efficient.

AMOLED (Active Matrix OLED) screen: Each pixel of the AMOLED screen can be independently controlled, and different colors and pixel points can be turned off as needed, achieving better black and energy-saving effects.

The process of manufacturing mobile phone screens generally includes the following key steps:

Manufacturing basic glass: The first step is to produce a high-purity, high-quality glass that can be used as the basic material for mobile phone screens.

Manufacturing thin films: Next, a thin film needs to be coated on the glass surface to achieve multiple technical functions, such as anti reflection, anti fingerprint, and anti glare.

Manufacturing electronic components: In order to achieve the display function of the screen, electronic components such as conductive electrodes, luminescent materials, crystal polymers, etc. need to be manufactured on thin films.

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